Week #08 DiscussionInstructions:You must respond to the question(s) posted for the week in less than 12 hours.Response must be at least 2 paragraphs in length (4-6 sentences per paragraph), cited with references from the Online Lecture and Reading Material.If I The Instructor response the response, then I will share with you his comments, and you will have another 12 hours to respond to what the instructor asked you to do.Response MUST be based exclusively from Online Lecture and the Reading Material provided and NOT from any other outside sources. Plagiarism is not acceptable in any form and a score of zero will be given on the paper, as the paper will be checked by Turnitin Website for plagiarism.You have to read and understand the Online Lecture and the assigned reading materials. Then response to the Week Discussion Topic, by writing a response to the questions giving below.Also, you need to answer completely the attached file named “Week #08 ACTIVITY – The Gospel of Luke”Here is this Week’s Discussion Topic:Recall that a PERICOPE is an individual unit of the gospel such as pronouncement stories, conflict stories and parables. That said, take a Pericope from the Gospel in Luke not covered by another student (or from our discussion from previous weeks) and, utilizing the information presented in the Online Lecture and Reading Material, explain the story in the following manner:What is Jesus trying to say?How does his listeners receive the message (if applicable)?What literary tool(s) is/are Mark using in the pericope?How is this pericope utilized in the other gospels (if at all)?How can we apply this message today? Use personal experiences if possible to support your discussion.As a way to help you, you might wish to go the bible passage you cover in the USCCB website on the bible and read the commentary of the text that is below the selection you choose. It might give you some context to the reading you have chosen. Here is the website to help you out…http://www.usccb.org/bible/books-of-the-bible/index.cfm#Mark (Links to an external site.)You also are required to cite material from Johnson’s book and the Online Lecture to receive full credit for the weekly discussion.Note: Make sure you cite the gospel chapter and verse as part of your answer.Please Note: Your responses to initial postings should be based primarily on the content offered in the Online Lectures and the Reading Material.VIP:KINDLY NOTE THAT I am Muslim and I just taking this course because it’s required to complete my degree plan at my school, so please take that inconsideration when you write the response.Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Geography of ministry:
• Matthew and Mark:
Galilean ministry
• Luke: ministry in Perea
• John: ministry in Judea
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Luke’s Historical Setting
• Luke was written for a community in
transition – from Jewish to Jews and
Gentiles. The great Council of
Jerusalem was some years in the past
but the aftershocks still continued.
• Luke’s Christians needed
assurance that the message that
they received and celebrated was
God’s word.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Luke’s Historical Setting
• In the midst of a variety of views
Luke had to show that what the
Church had become was intended by
God
• Unlike the other Gospel writers, Luke
could not tell the story of Jesus
without telling the story of the early
church.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Luke’s Historical Setting
• How was it that Jesus died rejected by
his own people?
• What does it mean to be Church?
• How do we take the teaching of Jesus
and live it today?
• Can we be Roman citizens and
Christians?
• Can Jews and Gentiles form one
community?
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Luke’s Historical Setting
• In the space of fifty years the
message of Jesus had spread from
Judea to Syria, Cilicia, Galatia,
Greece and to the very heart of the
Roman Empire.
• The story of Jesus was essentially a
Jewish story that was now finding
universal acceptance.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Luke’s Historical Setting
• It was necessary to find new
language to proclaim the message
of Jesus that would make sense to
many cultures within the Roman
Empire.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Intended Audience
To churches affected
directly or indirectly by
Paul’s mission. Serious
proposals center on
areas in Greece or Syria.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About Luke’s Gospel
• Luke-Acts is one third of the
New Testament and extends
from the annunciation of the
birth of John the Baptist to the
house arrest of Paul in Rome in
Acts 28.
• Written between 70 – 90 AD, as the
author seems aware about the siege
of Jerusalem in 70 AD.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About Luke’s Gospel
• Probably written in Syria or
Greece. Possibly written in
Rome
• Probably written more as a History
than anything else
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About Luke’s Gospel
Luke’s special material is quite extensive
◦ Prayer
◦ Compassion, Endurance & Sharing
◦ Gospel of REVERSAL – not only
that God acts but that we are to
act in the same way
◦ Openness to the outsider
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About Luke’s Gospel
• Written for a non-Christian Roman
Official (Theophilus, meaning “God
lover”) or other cultured nonChristians (e.g. the Hellenists or
Gentiles)
• Presents Jesus as The New
Adam, a radical disciple filled
with the power of the Holy Spirit
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Sources and Organization
Structure and use of sources
◦ Use of Mark
◦ Q
◦ L1
◦ Luke’s editing of Mark
Organization of Luke
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About St. Luke
▪ Luke, the “beloved physician”
▪ Less well attested: a Syrian from Antioch.
▪ Traditional view: travel companion of Paul
▪ Debates over the traditional view
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About the Author
• An educated Greek-speaker and
skilled writer who knew the Jewish
Scriptures in Greek and who was not
an eyewitness of Jesus’ ministry. He
drew on Mark and a collection of the
sayings of the Lord (Q), as well as
some other available traditions, oral
or written.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About the Author
• Knows the Jewish scriptures in their
Greek translation (The Septuagint)
• Well educated and able to imitate
various styles – Jewish and Hellenistic.
• Probably not raised a Jew, but perhaps a
convert to Judaism before he became a
Christian. Not a Palestinian.
• Only Gentile New Testament writer
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Key Topics/Themes
• Part One of a two-volume work (Part
Two being The Acts of the Apostles)
• Insertion of two new bodies of
material into Markan order
• Luke’s Christians needed
assurance that the message that
they received and celebrated was
God’s word.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Key Topics/Themes
• Christianity as a universal world
faith
• Luke as theodicy
• Role of the Holy Spirit
• Importance of John the Baptist
• Innocence of Jesus and his
followers
• Jesus as Savior
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Key Topics/Themes
• Divine promises to Israel now open
to Gentiles
• Innocence of Jesus and his followers
• Radical reversal of social order
• Wealth and how it should be used
• Openness to outsiders (banquets)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Key Topics/Themes
▪ Compassion – the heart of God
• The need to change our ways of
seeing others (spirit of reversal)
• Jesus’ three predictions of his own
death in Lk 9: 21-27; 9: 43-45 and 18:
35-43
▪ Centrality of Jerusalem in God’s plan
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
About “The Twelve”
Mt (10: 2-4)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Peter
Andrew
James
John
Philip
Bartholomew
Thomas
Matthew
Mk (3: 16-19)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Peter
Andrew
James
John
Philip
Bartholomew
Thomas
Matthew
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Lk (6: 14-16)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Peter
Andrew
James
John
Philip
Bartholomew
Thomas
Matthew
About “The Twelve”
Mt (10: 2-4)
9.
10.
11.
12.
Mk (3: 16-19)
James “the
lesser” (son of
Alphaeus)
Thaddaeus
9.
Simon the
Cananaean
Judas Iscariot /
Matthias
11.
10.
12.
Lk (6: 14-16)
James “the
lesser” (son of
Alphaeus)
Thaddaeus
9.
Simon the
Cananaean
Judas Iscariot /
Matthias
11.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
10.
12.
James “the
lesser” (son of
Alphaeus)
Judas, son of
James
Simon the
Zealot
Judas Iscariot /
Matthias
Disposition of the Twelve in Luke
• Sometimes in “dreamlike”
state (Transfiguration)
• Taught theme of “Radical Discipleship”
• Taught theme of the “Holy Spirit”
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
• The Holy Spirit is another major theme
of Luke’s gospel. If Acts is the story of
the Holy Spirit leading the early church
in mission, then Luke is the story of the
Holy Spirit leading Jesus.
• The Gospel of Luke makes over 50
references to the “Spirit” and Acts makes
over 110 References, including…
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
• The Spirit fills John the Baptist with power
(1: 15); Zechariah filled with Spirit (1: 37)
• The spirit enters Mary’s womb at
the Incarnation (1: 35)
• The Spirit directs Simon to the temple so
that Jesus may be presented to him (2: 27)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
• John the Baptist distinguishes between
himself and Jesus: “I baptize you with
water… He will baptize you with the Holy
Spirit and fire” (3: 16).
• After Jesus is baptized, “the Holy Spirit
descended upon him in bodily form
like a dove” (3: 22).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
• Before beginning his public ministry, Jesus
was led by the Spirit in the wilderness” (4:
1) & tempted by the devil.
• Jesus returns to Galilee “filled with
the power of the Spirit” (4: 14).
• In the synagogue at Nazareth, Jesus
reads from Isaiah: “The Spirit of the Lord
is upon me” (4: 18).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
• Jesus casts many “unclean spirits” and
“evil spirits” out of various people (4:
33, 36; 6: 18; 7: 21; 8: 2; 8: 29; 9: 39, 42;
10: 20; 11: 24, 26; 13: 11).
• Jesus “rejoiced in the Holy Spirit” and
thanks God for hiding things from the wise
but revealing them to infants (10: 21).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
Jesus tells his disciples, “Everyone
who blasphemes against the Holy
Spirit will not be forgiven” (12: 10).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
• Jesus tells his disciples not to worry if
they are arrested or put on trial, “for the
Holy Spirit will teach you at that very
hour what you ought to say” (12: 12).
• As Jesus is dying on the cross, he utters
his final words: “‘Father, into your hands
I commend my spirit.’ Having said this,
he breathed his last” (23: 46).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
When the resurrected Jesus appears to
the disciples, they are at first afraid,
thinking that they were seeing a
ghost/spirit (24: 37); but Jesus assures
them that he is not merely a ghost/spirit,
but can be seen and touched, since he
has flesh and bones (24: 39).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
(From The Jerome Biblical Commentary)
Luke constantly alludes to the role of the
Spirit (1: 15, 35, 41, 67; 2: 25-27; 3: 16, 22;
4: 1, 14, 18; 10: 21; 11: 13; 12: 10, 12).
Where Mt 7: 11 speaks of the good
things the heavenly Father gives to those
who ask, Lk 11: 13 speaks of the Holy
Spirit who is the gift par excellence.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
Once given to the OT judges, this Spirit is
now sent to John the Baptist (1: 15, 80) and
his parents (1: 41, 67). Jesus is conceived
through the power of the Spirit (1: 35) and
is himself filled with the Holy Spirit (4: 1).
What happened to Jesus must continue to
happen to the Church – until the Parousia.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Holy Spirit
The Spirit, consequently, occupies the
same prominent position in Acts. The
implication is clear enough. The Church
continues the mission of Jesus; The
Eschatological Age, inaugurated by
Jesus, persists until the Spirit brings it
to perfection at some future moment.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Prayer in Luke’s Gospel
In Luke’s Gospel Jesus models Christian
prayer. He prays at significant moments of his
own life.
▪ Baptism 3: 21(L)
▪ Prior to choice of the Apostles 6: 12 (L)
▪ Prior to Peter’s confession of faith 9: 18 (L)
▪ Transfiguration 9: 28 (L)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Prayer in Luke’s Gospel
▪ Prayer of Thanksgiving 10: 21-22 (Q)
▪ Lord’s Prayer 11: 1 (L introduction)
▪ Jesus prays for Peter and the disciples in
22: 32 (L)
▪ On the Mount of Olives 22: 40
▪ At the Crucifixion Lk 23: 34, 46 (L)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Prayer in Luke’s Gospel
Luke has special parables on prayer
◦ Friend at midnight 11: 5 (L)
◦ Unjust judge 18: 1-8 (L)
◦ Pharisee and Publican 18: 9-14 (L)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Jerusalem Temple
Jerusalem and its temple form a key
motif for Luke. In the gospel, the story
starts in Jerusalem and everything
looks towards Jerusalem. This includes
a considerable amount of material that
Luke unfolds against the backdrop of
one long and final journey to the city
(Chs 9 to 19). In Acts, this is reversed…
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Jerusalem Temple
…The story starts in Jerusalem with the
day of Pentecost and then the Christian
message moves out into the wider world
as predicted in the words of Jesus:
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
The Jerusalem Temple
“But you will receive power when the
Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will
be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in
all Judaea and Samaria, and to the
ends of the earth” (Acts 1: 8).
Jerusalem is the center of the narrative.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Jesus’ Concern for Women
In Lk 24: 10-12, Luke specifically mentions
women as disciples of Jesus and it is
interesting for a number of reasons.
Firstly, it shows that Jesus was happy to
welcome women among his travelling
companions, a fact that would have
scandalized respectable Jewish society…
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Jesus’ Concern for Women
…It is yet another example of Luke
promoting Jesus’ acceptance of the outsider.
Secondly, it shows that Jesus’ appeal
transcended social barriers. Finally, it
suggests that, unusually for the time, these
women had independent means and were
happy to use them to back Jesus financially.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Parables of Luke
▪ Rich Fool (12: 16-21)
▪ Good Samaritan (10: 29-37)
▪ Rich Man and Lazarus (16: 19-31)
▪ Prodigal Son (15: 11-32)
▪ Dishonest Steward (16: 1-8a)
▪ Persistent Widow & The Judge (18: 1-8)
▪ Pharisee & The Publican (18: 9-14)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Banquet Scenes in Luke
Banquet scenes are found throughout
Luke’s Gospel and they provide
settings in which Jesus invites the
readers into a world where God reigns.
◦ They shed light on the nature of
the eschatological community
◦ They clarify who will sit at
table with the messiah
◦ The fact that salvation is universal
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Banquet Scenes in Luke
• Lk 5: 27-39 The Feast in Levi’s House new wine needs new wineskins
• Lk 7: 36-50 the scandal of the well known
sinner in the house of a Pharisee
• Lk 11: 37-52 being clean on the inside
• Lk 14 challenges about charity, humility
and generosity
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Banquet Scenes in Luke
• Lk 15: 1 The setting for Jesus’
great parables of mercy
• Lk 19 Dining with Zacchaeus
• Lk 22: 14-38 Last Supper – humility
and service, true reward
• Lk 24: 14-35 Learning to recognize
Jesus in the breaking of the bread and
the scriptures.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Titles of Jesus in Luke
• “Savior” (Luke is the only Synoptic
Gospel that uses this term, found in 1:
47 and 2: 11)
• “Son of Man” (25 Verses – Lk 5: 24; 6:
5, 22;34; 9: 22, 26, 44, 58; 11: 30; 12: 8,
10, 40;22, 24, 26, 30; 18: 8, 31; 19: 10;
21: 27, 36;22, 48, 69; and 24: 7)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Titles of Jesus in Luke
• “Son of David” (4 Verses – Lk 3: 31; 18:
38, 39; and 20: 41)
• “Messiah” (12 Verses – Lk 2: 11, 26; 3:
15; 4: 41; 9: 20; 20: 41; 22: 67; 23: 2, 35,
39; and 24: 26, 46)
• “Son of God” (6 Verses – Lk 1: 35; 3:
38; 4: 3, 9, 41; and 22: 70)
• “Christ” (None)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Portrait of Jesus in Luke
• Jesus is compassionate – with a care
for the outsider (special parables)
• Jesus has a firm resolve to bring his
mission to completion (bringing fire on
the earth Lk 12: 49).
• Jesus is inclusive and challenging
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Structure of Luke’s Gospel
Introduction (1: 1-4)
▪ Infancy Narrative (1: 5-2: 52) and
preparations for ministry (3: 1-4: 13)
▪ Galilean Ministry (4: 14 – 9: 50)
▪ Journey to Jerusalem (9: 51-19: 44)
▪ Jerusalem Ministry (19: 45-21: 38)


Passion Narrative & Resurrection (22: 124: 53)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Key Texts in Luke
▪ Prologue (1: 1-4)
▪ Simeon’s Prediction (2: 34)
▪ Preaching at Nazareth (4: 16-30) Sermon
on Plain (6)
▪ Transfiguration – Exodus (9: 28-36)
▪ Prophet dies in Jerusalem (13: 31-33)
▪ Lk 24 (review and launching pad into Acts)
▪ Luke is a gospel of previews and reviews
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Infancy Narrative (1: 5 – 2: 52)
▪ Birth of John the Baptist
▪ The role of Mary as primary parent
▪ Luke’s use of hymns (Canticle of
Zechariah & Canticle of Mary)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Infancy Narrative Sets The Scene
• Joy as the messianic age begins (Lk 1:
14, 41-44, 57, 63; 2: 10, 13f, 20. c.f. Lk 7:
22-23; 18: 35-43; 19: 6, 37-38; 24: 53; Acts
5: 41; 8: 39; 11: 23; 13: 48)
• Being inspired by the Holy Spirit (Lk 1:
15, 35, 41, 67, 80; 2: 25, 26, 27 c.f. Lk 4: 1,
14, 18; Acts 1: 1-8; 2: 10-14; 4: 8; 7: 55)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Infancy Narrative Sets The Scene
• Trust in the word of God [Lk 1: 20, 37,
45; 2: 20, 29 (47 )c.f. Lk 4: 32; 5: 5, 15; Ch
8; 11: 28 Acts 4: 4; 6: 7; 12: 24]
• Universal nature of salvation (Lk 1: 48;
2: 31f c.f. Lk 3: 6; 13: 28-30; 24: 47; Acts
2: 17, 21; 10: 43; 11: 18; 13: 47-48)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Infancy Narrative Sets The Scene
• Jesus’ fate is tied to Jerusalem and its
Temple (Lk 1: 9; 2: 22, 41-51 c.f. Lk 9: 31, 51;
18:31; 24: 53; Acts 2: 46; 5: 5; 21: 26)
• Jesus as the Teacher (Lk 2: 47 c.f. Lk 19: 47;
20;1; 21: 37)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Infancy Narrative Sets The Scene
• Mercy and compassion (Lk 1: 54, 72, 77, 78
c.f. Lk 6: 36; 7: 13, Ch 15; 17: 13; 18: 13)
• Jesus as the point of decision for Israel
(Lk 1: 35 cf. 4: 16-30; 19: 41-44; Acts 13:
47; 18: 6)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Galilean Ministry (4: 14 – 9: 50)
• Also known as the “Lesser Interpolation”
• Jesus’ rejection at Nazareth
• The “Lesser Interpolation”
▪ Luke’s Sermon on the Plain (Ch 6
– a briefer version of Mt’s Sermon
on the Mount)
▪ Reversals of status for rich and
poor
▪ The importance of women
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Galilean Ministry (4: 14 – 9: 50)
The mood is basically triumphant
and positive with Luke keeping many
of the questions found in Mark’s
gospel that focus on the identity of
Jesus (Lk 4: 18-19) delivers Jesus’
manifesto declaring his commitment
to proclaim God’s year of favor.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Galilean Ministry (4: 14 – 9: 50)
• Jesus preaches Good News to the poor,
freedom to captives and sight to the blind.
• Even John the Baptist will ask the
question as to whether Jesus is the long
awaited one (Lk 7: 19).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Some Emphases
▪ Jesus at prayer
▪ The positive response of the people (Lk
4: 15; 5: 25, 26; 7: 16) contrasted with
the religious authorities (Lk 5: 17-6: 11)
▪ Focus on the word of Jesus (Lk 4: 32,
46; 5: 1; 8: 21; 9: 35)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Some Emphases
Emphasis on the power of Jesus the majority of Jesus’ miracles are
found in this section of the gospel.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
“The Gospel of the Poor”
From The Jerome Biblical Commentary…
Luke merits to be called the “Gospel
of the Poor.” This spirit shines
brightly in the Infancy Narrative,
where the poor and insignificant are
chosen for the greatest privileges…
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
“The Gospel of the Poor”
Examples include the childless couple,
Zechariah and Elizabeth; Mary and
Joseph from unknown Nazareth;
shepherds from the countryside; an old
man and elderly widow at the Temple.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
“The Gospel of the Poor”
Luke preserves the strong regard for
actual poverty in his beatitudes; in
writing happy are you poor,” he
keeps the direct address of the
second person and does not add, like
Matthew, “poor in spirit” (Lk 6: 20).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
“The Gospel of the Poor”
He includes the full text from Isaiah
about the poor to whom the gospel is
brought (4: 18; 7: 22). The parable of
the rich man and Lazarus is exclusive
to Luke (16: 19-31). Still other words
about poverty, including a parable,
are found only in Luke (12: 13-21).
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
“The Gospel of the Poor”
Luke and Mark both focus very sternly on
radical poverty as a means to discipleship,
as illustrated in the comparative texts.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
• Also known as the “Greater Interpolation”
• Little action; mostly teaching
• Jesus in Samaria (17: 11-19)
• Jesus’ victory over Satan’s realm
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
The travel document is used by Luke
to address a number of critical issues:
◦ The identity and mission of Jesus
who must suffer in Jerusalem
◦ The nature of his kingship
◦ What is needed to be an
authentic disciple.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
• Parable of the Good Samaritan (10: 2537)
◦ Setting
◦ Ethical complexities
• Mary & Martha (10: 38-42)
• Instructions on Prayer (11: 1-13)
• On Riches & Poverty (16: 19-31)
• Lazarus and the Rich Man (16: 14-31)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
• Jesus’ love of the unhappy and the outcast
• Parables of joy at finding what was lost (15)
◦ The Lost Sheep (also in Mt 18: 12-14)
◦ A Lost Coin (exclusive to Luke)
◦ The Prodigal Son (exclusive to Luke)
◦ Parable of the Dishonest Steward (16: 1-13)
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Questions for Discussion
• What is the general theme of Luke 15:
1-32?
• What stories are missing from the video
that are found in the written text? Why
are these stories important?
• Who are the three main characters in the
“Prodigal Son” story? What role does
each character play in the story?
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
VIDEO CLIP – Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15)
(From the Motion Picture “Jesus of Nazareth”)

Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
The travel document functions in a
similar fashion to the farewell discourses
of John’s gospel (Jn 14-17). The Lukan
community is instructed regarding:


Being prepared for persecution Lk 12: 11
Reminded of the need for constant and
hope filled prayer [Lk 11: 1-13; 18: 1-14 (L)]
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
Challenged regarding the proper
use of temporal goods

Rich Fool [Lk 12: 13-21 (L)]

Possessions & Almsgiving [Lk 12: 22-34 (Q)]



Rich Man & Lazarus [Lk 16: 19-31 (L)]
Days of the Son of Man [Lk 17: 22-37]
Difficulty of Entering the Kingdom of God
for the Rich [Lk 18: 18-30]
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
Luke uses the 10 Chapters of the journey
to take the disciples and reader on their
own journey into the mission of Jesus
and the Church. As Jesus journeys to the
city of his destiny the disciples see it as a
triumphal procession but Jesus’ teaching
about the kingdom requires humility,
persistence, openness and courage.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Travel Narrative (9: 51 – 18: 14)
◦ The theme of salvation
◦ Jesus as the source of division
◦ Jesus the one who must be rejected


The lack of understanding of the disciples
Jesus’ exodus will be completed in
◦ Jerusalem.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Jerusalem Ministry (18: 31 – 21: 38)
Conflicting beliefs about the Parousia
◦ Parousia has already occurred
◦ Parousia is imminent
Luke accordingly shifts the early
Christian emphasis away from the
expectation of an imminent Parousia
to the day-to-day concerns of the
Christian community in the world.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Jerusalem Ministry (18: 31 – 21: 38)
• Luke tells the reader that Parousia will
come unexpectedly but puts his
emphasis on our living the gospel
message in “the now.”
• He does this in the gospel by regularly
emphasizing the words “each day” (Lk 9: 23;
cf. Mk 8: 34; Lk 11: 3; Lk 16: 19; Lk 19:47) in
the sayings of Jesus.
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Passion Narrative (22: 1 – 23: 56)
Luke’s interpretation of the Passion
◦ Stress on the innocence of Jesus (23: 47)
◦ Jesus’ death as a righteous example
The Last Supper – this is the institution
narrative used at our Sunday Masses!!!
◦ Lk 22: 19-20
◦ also found in 1 Cor 11: 24-26
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Jesus’ Final Ordeal
• Luke’s portrayal of the disciples
• The Sanhedrin hearing
• Jesus sent to Herod Antipas
• Pilate protests Jesus’ innocence
• Jesus asks for forgiveness of his
executioners
• Jesus consoles others
• “This man was innocent”
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Centurion’s Reaction to Death
• “Truly this was the Son of
God!” Matthew 27: 54
• “Truly this man was the Son of
God!” Mark 15: 39
• “Certainly this man was innocent
[righteous].” Luke 23: 4
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Resurrection Narrative (24: 1-53)
Also known as the Epilogue
• Jesus appears in both Galilee [On Road to
Emmaus (24)] and in Jerusalem (also 24)
• Jesus appears to disciples in upper room
Jesus’ life, death, resurrection foretold in
• Hebrew Scriptures
• Disciples to remain in Jerusalem;
await empowerment by Holy Spirit
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Summary
• Gospel ascribed to
Luke
• Jesus a world savior
• God’s compassion and forgiveness for all
• Disciples to carry on Jesus’ work until
appearance of Son of Man
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Summary
• Disciples to carry Jesus’ mission
“to the ends of the earth”
• Mission of Church extended
indefinitely into the future
Theo 210A – The New Testament, Week #08
Theo 210, Week #08:
Questions about the Gospel of Luke
According to the Gospel of Luke
True/False
1.
The author of the Gospel of Luke addresses his work to a
man named Paul of Tarsus.
2.
A long, central section of the Gospel of Luke, the “Greater
Interpolation” of Luke 9: 51-18: 14, is a miscellaneous
compilation of Jesus’ teachings while he was on the road
from Galilee to Jerusalem.
3.
One of the main thematic interests of Luke is Jesus’ and the
disciples’ use of prayer.
4.
In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus does not stress the dangers of
wealth or material possessions as strongly as he does in
the other Gospels.
5.
Luke 6 contains a briefer version of the Sermon on the
Mount in Matthew called the Sermon on the Plain.
6.
The “Lord’s Prayer” is found in Luke’s Gospel.
7.
The Gospel of Luke modifies Mark’s version of Jesus’ end
time discourse by emphasizing that the Parousia will
come immediately after the destruction of Jerusalem.
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
Page 1
8.
More than any other Gospel writer, Luke emphasizes the
innocence of Jesus and his followers of any crime against
Rome.
9.
According to the Gospel of Luke, when a centurion
standing by sees the manner of Jesus’ condemnation and
execution, the centurion declares, “Beyond all doubt,
this man was innocent.”
10.
Luke omits the tradition found in the Gospel of Mark that
Jesus would appear in Jerusalem and sets all of the
resurrection stories in Galilee.
11.
Luke emphasizes the physical reality of Jesus’ resurrection
when he portrays the resurrected Christ as eating fish and
capable of being touched.
Short Answer
1.
Who wrote the Gospel of Luke? Is there a “Luke” in the
New Testament? To what audience is Luke written?
2.
Luke’s account is written in two parts. Name them.
a.
b.
3.
Mark calls his text a “Gospel.” Matthew’s text is seen as a textbook.
How does Luke approach his writings? Why is that important?
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
Page 2
4.
The Gospel of Luke is often associated with what other New
Testament book?
5.
Luke, the traditional author of the Gospel that bears his name, was
associated with what profession?
6.
According to some traditions in the early church, the author of Luke
was a traveling companion of what apostle?
7.
Luke shows Jesus’ solidarity with the entire human race by tracing
Jesus’ genealogy back to what Old Testament figure?
8.
Luke is the only Synoptic Gospel writer to refer to Jesus using what
unique title?
9.
Explain how Luke sees the role of Mary, as distinct of that of Matthew
& Mark. How does Mary respond to the call of faith in Luke 1: 26-38
(as opposed to Joseph’s response or Zechariah’s response)?
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
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10. It is said that about 35% of Mark’s gospel is found in Luke. How does
Luke utilize Mark’s gospel in his gospel?
11. Besides the Gentiles, the Gospel of Luke is notable for the degree to
which the author stresses the role of what specific group in the
ministry of Jesus?
12. In Luke 1: 20, what happens to Zechariah when he doubts what
the angel Gabriel has told him?
13. There are many differences between the infancy narratives in
Matthew and Luke. Name three of the infancy stories unique to the
gospel of Luke.
a.
b.
c.
14. Unlike Mark and Matthew, Luke records another quotation from
Isaiah, which Jesus reads aloud at the beginning of his public
ministry. How does this passage begin?
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
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15. What differences can you cite between the ways Luke’s Gospel
approaches the character of John the Baptist vs. the other two gospels?
16. What is John the Baptist’s role in Luke’s description of Jesus’ baptism?
17. How long did Jesus’ ministry appear to take place (following
his baptism)?
18. Luke’s story of the Prodigal Son is actually the third part of three
parables.
a.
What is so remarkable about the lost coin story?
b.
What is so remarkable about the lost sheep story?
c.
Name the two morals that come from the Prodigal Son Story.
a.
b.
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
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19. Luke’s gospel, similar to Matthew’s, focuses on the theme “table
fellowship with sinners.” Cite one example and explain this them.
20. Compare and contrast the Beatitudes, as presented in Luke’s gospel
(vs. Matthew’s gospel).
21. How many times, in the gospel of Luke, does Jesus predict his death?
22. At the beginning of Chapter 8, Luke provides some detail about those
that travelled with Jesus. What is unusual about this list?
23. One of Jesus’ most famous parables is found in Luke 10 and tells the
story of a violent robbery. Help comes from an unexpected source.
Who is the hero of this parable?
24. The parable of Lazarus and the rich man focuses on what theme?
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
Page 6
25. The three parables in Luke 15, dealing respectively with sheep, a coin,
and two sons, are tied together by what theme?
26. When Jesus is brought to trial before Pilate, the Roman governor,
Pilate realizes that Jesus is a Galilean, so he sends Jesus to be tried
by what Roman Official?
27. What does Jesus ask God to do to his executioners before dying on the
cross in the Gospel of Luke?
28. After Jesus’ resurrection, he appeared to two disciples who were
travelling home from Jerusalem. What was their destination?
29. How many ascension stories does Luke present in the New
Testament?
30. The narrative in Luke’s gospel begins and ends in the same place.
Where?
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
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Essay
1.
According to Johnson, how would you describe the geographical
structure of Luke-Acts?
2.
According to Johnson, what are the elements of Luke’s portrayal of his
leading characters as prophets?
3.
According to Johnson, how does Luke describe the disciples of Jesus
differently from Mark?
4.
According to Johnson, how and why are the infancy narratives in
Luke different from those in Matthew?
5.
Explain the role of the Holy Spirit in Luke’s writings.
6.
In Luke’s passion narrative, is the Judean responsibility for Jesus’ death
expanded or minimized when compared to Matthew’s version?
7.
Luke’s gospel connects discipleship to poverty. Specifically, compare
Luke’s story of the rich ruler from 18: 18-30 to Mark’s story of the rich
man in 10: 17-31.
Theo 210, Week #08 (The Gospel of Luke)
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