Use your selected company from Weeks 1-5 for this week’s assessment.
You’ve become a trusted resource for your organization, and they’ve asked your advice on having a competitive advantage in the field. More specifically, they would like your analysis and recommendations on ways to bring their company culture, demographics, and technologies up to current industry practices and beyond.

Create a 10- to 12-slide presentation that includes the following elements:

An analysis of the organization’s current culture (e.g., beliefs, expectations, values, and norms). Address how managers influence the organizational culture.
An evaluation of the impact of demographic forces (e.g., age, gender, ethnic origin, race, sexual orientation, and social class) of your selected organization and what it could be
Note: This is a good place to use your chart/outline/infographic from Wk 5.
An examination of the impact of technological forces (e.g., changes in the technology managers use to design, produce, or distribute goods and services) of your selected company
An examination on how the organization has complied with ethics and social responsibility behavior
Recommendations of ways to innovate based on analysis
Include detailed speaker notes in a Word document.Running head: ORGANIZATIONAL CHART
Organizational Chart
Queenneidra Quarles
February 24, 2020
Apple Organizational Chart
As shown in the chart below, it is evident that Apple’s organizational chart is a
hierarchical structure. According to Lashinsky (2012), this structure was started by the founder
and former CEO, the late Steve Jobs, to facilitate the realization of innovative ideas and vision
for the organization. However, the structure has undergone a few changes that were facilitated by
Tim Cook in a bid to embrace the aspect of decentralization of decision making to encourage
creativity and innovation at different levels (Freedman & Vohr, 2009). However, it is evident
that the structure is predominantly hierarchical with different management layers. The adherence
to the structure has been facilitated by the need to manage the 132,000 employees effectively in
that it allows tight control by the senior management to all the different aspects of the business.
This structure also presents various promotion opportunities that motivate employees to
perform well since there are diverse levels of responsibility and authority. However, the
company affects the flexibility of the organization to reflect its differences in the global market.
The company’s Board of Directors is made up of eight members who have distinct leadership
prowess that has been acquired from a wide range of industries. Three of the members act as
CEOs while two of the members served as formers CEOs ad Chairman in global organizations.
Others include the previous US Vice President Albert Gore Jr, Susan Wagner, the director and
co-founder of BlackRock, and James A. Bell, the former Corporate President and CFO Boeing
The chart above shows a hierarchy that prevents the levels lower in the structure to
respond to business demands and market needs. For instance, the produce-based divisions should
wait for instructions from the CEO among other top executives in order to implement changes
that address market trends for different consumer electronics. However, the CEO, Tim Cook, has
made deliberate efforts to increase collaboration amongst diverse levels of the organization, an
aspect that increases the company’s flexibility significantly. Nevertheless, the structure is not
quick to respond to rapid changes since all aspects of the organization must be approved by the
top management.
Freedman, R. D., & Vohr, J. (2009). Apple Computer, Inc. New York University, Leonard N.
Stern School of Business. Last accessed, 16.
Lashinsky, A. (2012). Inside Apple: How America’s most admired–and secretive–company
really works. Hachette UK.
Apple Inc. Demographics
Queenneidra Quarles
March 2, 2020
Apple Inc. Demographics
2014 records show that the workforce demographics in Apple was made up of more male
than females (Liu, 2014). Out of the total staff available, 55% are white, 7% blacks, 15% Asian,
and 11% are Hispanic. Only 2% are multiracial, and the rest did not reveal their race. Of this
population, 70% is made up of males, while only 30% is made up of females. Research shows
that other tech companies, such as Twitter, Google, and Facebook, have similar employeedemographics reports. In the report, the company made commitments to improve the company’s
workforce diversity. True to its word, Apple made changes to its demographics to increase its
diversity by reducing the total population of males in the company. Currently, there is 50%
white, 23% are Asian, 9% are black, and 14% are Hispanic. 3% are multiracial, while only 1%
make up the population from Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Native Hawaiian (Apple,
Workplace Demographics
Graphical Representation of the demographics in Apple as of 2019
Recently, the company made changes to its demographics in a bid to increase its
diversity. The company believes that the diversity evidenced in the employees is its greatest
strength. The growth evidenced has been facilitated by the company’s ability to draw differences
in who they are, how they think, and their individual experiences. In order to create inclusive
products, the company believes in including different people to increase its diversity.
Apple Inc. handled changes in demographics effectively since diversity enabled the
company to manifest itself in the creation of a good reputation that increased opportunities and
profitability for the workers. The company believes that promoting its diversity is essential
within and outside the organization (Zhang, Wang, Zhang & Song, 2020). Apple Inc. also
understands that changes in demographics due to increased workplace diversity result in
increased sense of collaboration, increased exposure, and the development of its reputation to the
The changes in terms of increased diversity in the company were handled ethically in that
the company believes in the promotion of an inclusive culture for all people. Apple promotes
inclusion and diversity in a bid to bring people together (Apple, 2019). The company welcomes
different beliefs and voices, and it is proud to hire and support qualified individuals from all
races. Adopting an inclusive culture is not only ethical but facilitates the introduction of
experiences, technical skills, and the aspect of collaboration in the company.
Technology is the main backbone of the company’s operations. The company leads in the
innovation and production of iPhone, iPad, and Mac, among other products owing to its ability to
apply technology. It utilizes future technology to manufacture its products such as a computer,
phones, and tablets, an aspect that sets it apart from its competitors. For instance, the company
uses aluminum machining technology – a company’s secret – to manufacture its laptops, among
other products. Additionally, its iPhone 4 has not faced any competition on exceptional Retina
Display due to its ability to apply technology effectively.
Recently, the company unveiled new technologies, including SwiftUI, ARKit 3, Reality
Compose, and Reality Kit, in a bid to improve the ability of developers to build advanced tools.
Apple uses a robust collection of tools and resources such as the revolutionary Apple
technologies and Swift programming languages to increase its innovation possibilities (Yoffie &
Baldwin, 2018). Through efficient use of technology, the company has realized the best way to
build exceptional applications that bring entertainment, information, and quality services to the
Change in technology does not affect the company’s growth potential in that Apple’s
innovation is dependent on new technology, which is often used years before it is unveiled to its
rivals. This aspect enables the company to release exceptional products that are difficult to
duplicate (Yoffie & Baldwin, 2018). For instance, after unveiling its iPhone, other manufacturers
took more than a year to come up with iPhone clones. The company’s secret is in its ability to
access new technology early such that changes in technology are insignificant to the company’s
continuity. In the same manner, none of the company’s competitors have managed to develop a
sub-$500 tablet with the expertise in Apple’s iPad.
Apple (2019). Inclusion and diversity. Retrieved from
Liu, S., (2014). Apple – Statistics & Facts. Statista. Retrieved from
Statista (2019). Apple’s number of employees in the fiscal years 2005 to 2019(in 1,000s).
Retrieved from Apple’s number of employees in the fiscal years 2005 to 2019(in 1,000s)
Yoffie, D. B., & Baldwin, E. (2018). Apple Inc. in 2018.
Zhang, L., Wang, Z., Zhang, A., & Song, D. (2020, January). Case Study on the Comparison of
the Performance between Chinese and American High-tech Companies: Apple Inc. & Huawei
Technologies. In 2019 International Conference on Management Science and Industrial
Economy (MSIE 2019). Atlantis Press.

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