How relevant is the concept of the operational level in studying campaigns such as those that take place on British and Iraqi sides during World War 2?Robert Lyman, Iraq 1941: The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah, and
Baghdad (Oxford: Osprey, 2006).
Robert Lyman, First Victory: Britain’s Forgotten Struggle in the Middle East, 1941 (London:
Youssef Aboul-Enein and Basil Aboul-Enein, The Secret War for the Middle East: The
Influence of Axis and Allied Intelligence Operations during World War Two (Annapolis,
Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2013).
Ervand Abrahamian, Iran Between Two Revolutions (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
________, A History of Modern Iran (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).
Shikara Ahmad, Iraqi Politics 1921-1941: The Interaction between Domestic Politics and
Foreign Policy (London, 1987).
Fakhreddin Azimi, Iran: The Crisis of Democracy, 1941-1953
Robert Baker, Oil Blood and Sand (1942)
Lois Beck, The Qashqa’i of Iran (New Haven; Yale University Press, 1986).
Julian Bharier, Economic Development in Iran, 1900-1970 (London: Oxford University
Kristin Blake, The U. S.-Soviet Confrontation in Iran, 1945-1962 (Lanham, MD: University
Press of America, 2009).
Mansour Bonakdarian, ‘U.S.-Iranian Relations, 1911-1951’, Amanat Abbas and Magnus T.
Bernhardsson (eds), U.S.-Middle East Historical Encounters (Tallahassee: University Press
of Florida, 2007).
M. Bonine and N. Keddie (eds), Continuity and Change in Modern Iran (Albany, NY; SUNY
Thomas Bryson, Seeds of Mideast Crisis: The United States Diplomatic Role in the Middle
East during World War Two (Jefferson, NC; McFarland and Co., 1981).
Christopher Buckley, Five Ventures: Iraq-Syria-Persia-Madagascar-Dodecanese (London:
Russell Buhite, Patrick J. Hurley and American Foreign Policy (New York; Cornell
University Press, 1973).
Reader Bullard, The Camels Must Go: An Autobiography (London: Faber and Faber, 1961).
________, edited by E. C. Hodgkin, Letters from Tehran: A British Ambassador in World
War II Persia (London: I. B. Tauris, 1991).
A Burdett, Iranian Political Developments, 1941-1946.
Central Office of Information, War Office, PAIFORCE: The Official Story of the Persia and
Iraq Command, 1941-1946 (London: HMSO, 1948).
Winston Churchill, The Second World War, six volumes (London: Cassell, 1952).
Richard Leighton and Robert Coakley, Global Logistics and Strategy, 1940-43, US Army in
World War Two (Washington DC: The War Department, Center of Military History, US
Army, 1995, first printed 1955).
________ Global Logistics and Strategy, 1943-45, volume 2, (1967).
________, ‘The Persian Corridor as a Route for Aid to the USSR’, in Kent Roberts
Greenfield (ed.), Command Decisions (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1959).
Michael Cohen and Martin Kolinsky (eds), Britain and the Middle East in the 1930s:
Security Problems, 1935-1939 (London; Frank Cass, 1992).
________, Demise of the British Empire in the Middle East: Britain’s Response to
Nationalist Movements, 1943-1955 (London; Frank Cass, 1998).
John Connell, Auchinleck: A Critical Biography (London: Cassell, 1959).
________, Wavell: To June 1941 (London: Collins, 1964).
Stephanie Cronin, Soldiers, Shahs, and Subalterns in Iran: Opposition, Protest, and Revolt,
1921-1941 (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).
Alex Danchev and Daniel Todman (eds), War Diaries, 1939-1945: Field Marshal Lord
Alanbrooke (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2001).
Simon Davis, Contested Space: Anglo-American Relations in the Persian Gulf, 1939-1947
(Leiden: Brill, 2011).
________, ‘The Middle East and World War II’, in Thomas Zeiler (ed.), A Companion to
World War II, volume 1 (Chichester: West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013).
Somerset de Chair, The Golden Carpet (London: Faber and Faber, 1945).
Farhad Diba, Mohammed Mossadegh: A Political Biography (London; Croom Helm, 1986).
Documents on German Foreign Policy 1918-1945. Available at
Tony Dudgeon, Hidden Victory: The Battle of Habbaniya, 1941 (Stroud, Gloucestershire:
The History Press, 2000).
Raghid el-Solh, Britain’s Two Wars with Iraq, 1941, 1991 (Reading: Ithaca Press, 1996).
Matthew Elliot, ‘Independent Iraq’, the Monarchy and British Influence, 1941-1958
(London, I. B. Tauris, 1996).
Zvi Elpeleg, The Grand Mufti: Haj Amin al-Husseini, Founder of the Palestinian National
Movement (London; Routledge, 1993).
Kaveh Farrokh, Iran at War 1500-1988 (Oxford: Osprey, 2011).
Louise Fawcett, Iran and the Cold War: The Azerbaijan Crisis of 1946 (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Adrian Fort, Archibald Wavell: The Life and Times of an Imperial Servant (London: Jonathan
Gerald de Gaury, Three Kings in Baghdad: The Tragedy of Iraq’s Monarchy (London: I. B.
________, Traces of Travel Brought Home from Abroad (London: Quartet Books, 1983).
Ali Gheissari, ‘Persia’, in I. C. B. Dear and M. R. D. Foot (eds), Oxford Companion to the
Second World War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).
Mohammad Gholi Majd, Iran under Allied Occupation in World War II: The Bridge to
Victory (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2016).
Galia Golan, Soviet Policies in the Middle East: From World War Two to Gorbachev
(Cambridge University Press, 1990).
Haim Goren (ed.), Germany and the Middle East: Past, Present, and Future (Jerusalem;
Hebrew University Press, 2003).
Gabriel Gorodetsky (ed.), The Maisky Diaries: Red Ambassador to the Court of St
James’s, 1932-1943 (London: Yale University Press, 2015).
Mark Gasiorowski, US Foreign Policy and the Shah: Building a Client State in Iran (Ithaca,
NY: Cornell University Press, 1991).
Philip Guedalla, Middle East 1940-42: A Study in Air Power (London: Hodder and
Walid Hamdi, Rashid Ali al-Gailani: The Nationalist Movement in Iraq, 1939-1941 (London,
Darf Publishers, 1987).
Jamil Hasanli, At the Dawn of the Cold War: The Soviet-American Crisis Over Iranian
Azerbaijan, 1941-1946 (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006).
Jeffrey Herf, Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World (New Haven: Yale University Press,
Lukasz Hirscowicz, The Third Reich and the Arab East (Toronto: University of Toronto
Ismay, The Memoirs of General the Lord Ismay (London: Heinemann, 1960).
Ashley Jackson, The British Empire and the Second World War (London: Continuum, 2006).
Barrie James, Hitler’s Gulf War: The Fight for Iraq, 1941 (Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2009).
Homa Katouzian, Mussadiq and the Struggle for Power in Iran (London: I. B. Tauris, 1999).
________, Iran (London: Oneworld, 2013).
John Kennedy, The Business of War: The War Narrative of Major-General Sir John Kennedy
(London: Hutchinson, 1957).
John Kent, British Imperial Strategy and the Origins of the Cold War (Leicester: Leicester
University Press, 1993).
Martin Kolinsky, Britain’s War in the Middle East: Strategy and Diplomacy, 1936-1942
(Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999).
George Lenczowski, Russia and the West in Iran, 1918-1948: A Study in Big-Power Rivalry
(Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1949).
Ronald Lewin, The Chief: Field Marshal Lord Wavell, Commander-in-Chief and Viceroy,
1939-1947 (London: Hutchinson, 1980).
Robert Lyman, First Victory: Britain’s Forgotten Struggle in the Middle East, 1941 (London:
________, Iraq 1941: The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah, and Baghdad (Oxford:
Mark Lytle, The Origins of the Iranian American Alliance, 1941-1953 (New York: Holmes
and Meier, 1987).
Fitzroy Maclean, Eastern Approaches (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949).
Henry Maitland Wilson, ‘Despatch on the Persia and Iraq Command Covering the Period 21st
August 1942 to 17 February 1943’, The London Gazette (London: The War Office, 1946).
________, Eight Years Overseas, 1939-1947 (London: Hutchinson, 1950).
Alan Moorehead, A Year of Battle (Hamish Hamilton, 1943)
Francis Nicosia, The Third Reich and the Palestine Question (Austin: University of Texas
________, Nazi Germany and the Arab World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
Adrian O’Sullivan, Nazi Secret Warfare in Occupied Persia (Iran): The Failure of the
German Intelligence Services, 1939-1945 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).
________, Espionage and Counterintelligence in Occupied Persia (Iran): The Success of the
Allied Secret Services, 1941-45 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).
________, The Baghdad Set: Iraq Through the Eyes of British Intelligence, 1941-45
(Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019).
Barrie Pitt, Churchill and the Generals (Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2004).
I. S. O. Playfair, et al., The Mediterranean and Middle East (London; HMSO, 1954-1987).
Pocket Guide to Iran (Washington: War and Navy Departments, 1943).
Brian Bond (ed.), Chief of Staff: The Diaries of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Pownall,
volume 2, 1940-1944 (London: Leo Cooper, 1974).
Miron Rezun, The Iranian Crisis of 1941: The Actors: Britain, Germany, and The Soviet
Union (Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 1982).
________, The Soviet Union and Iran: Soviet Policy in Iran from the Beginning of the
Pahlavi Dynasty until the Soviet Invasion in 1941 (Geneve : Institut Universitaire de Hautes
Etudes Internationales, 1981).
Barry Rubin, Paved With Good Intentions: The American Experience and Iran (Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1980).
________, The Great Powers in the Middle East, 1941-1947: The Road to the Cold War
(London: Routledge, 1981).
Joel Sayre, Persian Gulf Command: Some Marvels on the Road to Kazvin (New York:
Random House, 1945).
Frank Schubert, ‘The Persian Gulf Command: Lifeline to the Soviet Union’, in Barry Fowle
(ed.), Builders and Fighters: U.S. Army Engineers in World War II (Fort Belvoir, VA: Office
of History, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1992).
Wolfgang Schwanitz, (ed.), Germany and the Middle East, 1871-1945 (Markus Wiener,
Berthold Schulze-Holthus, Daybreak in Iran: A Story of the German Intelligence Service
(London: Staples Press, 1954).
D. S. Sherwen, The Persian Corridor: The Little-Known Story of the Signal Corps in the
Middle East During World War II (New York, 1979).
Daniel Silverfarb, Britain’s Informal Empire in the Middle East: A Case Study of Iraq, 19291941 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).
________, The Twilight of British Ascendancy in the Middle East: A Case Study of Iraq,
1941-1950 (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1994).
Harold Raugh, Wavell in the Middle East 1939-1941: A Study in Generalship (London:
Gerhard Schreiber, Bernd Stegemann, Detlef Vogel, Germany and the Second World War,
volume 3, The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa 1939-1941 (Oxford:
Clarendon Press, 1995).
Reeva Spector Simon, Iraq between the Two World Wars: The Militarist Origins of Tyranny
(New York: Columbia University Press, 2004).
Peter Sluglett, Britain in Iraq: Contriving King and Country (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007).
Clarmont Skrine, World War in Iran (London: Constable, 1962).
Annabelle Sreberny and Massoumeh Torfeh, Persian Service: The BBC and British Interests
in Iran (London: I. B. Tauris, 2014).
Freya Stark, Dust in the Lion’s Paw: Autobiography 1939-1946 (London: John Murray,
Richard Stewart, Sunrise at Abadan: The British and Soviet Invasion of Iran, 1941 (New
York: Praeger, 1988).
Mohammad Tarbush, The Role of the Military in Politics: A Case Study of Iraq to 1941
(London: Keegan Paul International, 1982).
T. H. Vail Motter, The United States Army in World War II: The Middle East Theater: The
Persian Corridor and Aid to Russia (Washington: Center of Military History, 1952).
Steven Ward, Immortal: A Military History of Iran and its Armed Forces (Washington, D. C.:
Georgetown University Press, 2009).
________, Instructions for American Servicemen in Iran during World War II (US Army
Special Service Division, Services of Supply, 2012).
Walter Warlimont, ‘The Decision in the Mediterranean 1942’ in H. Jacobsen and J. Rohwer
(eds), The Decisive Battles of World War Two: The German View (New York: Putnum
Publishing Group, 1965).
Geoffrey Warner, Iraq and Syria, 1941 (Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1979).
Articles and unpublished material
Ayad al-Qazzaz, ‘The Iraqi-British War of 1941: A Review Article’, International Journal of
Middle East Studies, 7, 4 (1976).
Joan Beaumont, ‘Great Britain and the Rights of Neutral Countries: The Case of Iran,
1941’, Journal of Contemporary History, 16, 1 (1981).
Juan Cole, ‘Iraq in 1939: British Alliance or Nationalist Neutrality towards the Axis?’,
Britain and the World, 5, 2 (2012).
R. Cottam, ‘The United States, Iran, and the Cold War’, Iranian Studies, 3 (1970).
Mike Dudgeon, ‘No. 4 SFTS and Raschid Ali’s War – Iraq 1941’, RAF Historical Society
Journal, 48 (2010).
F. Eshragi, ‘The Anglo-Soviet Occupation of Iran; August 1941’, Middle Eastern Studies, 20,
________, ‘The Immediate Aftermath of Anglo-Soviet Occupation of Iran, 1941’, Middle
Eastern Studies, 20 (1984).
Hellmuth Felmy and Walter Warlimont, ‘German Exploitation of Arab Nationalist
Movements in World War II’. Available at http://www.allworldwars.com/GermanExploitation-of-Arab-Nationalist-Movements-in-World-War-II.html
A. Graham, ‘The Iraq Levies at Habbaniya’, The Army Quarterly, XLIV, 2 (1942).
Elie Kedourie, ‘Wavell and Iraq, April-May 1941’, Middle Eastern Studies, 2 (1966).
________, ‘The Sack of Basra and the Farhud in Baghdad’, in Kedourie, Arabic Political
Memoirs (London, 1974).
Majid Khaddouri, ‘General Nuri’s Flirtation with the Axis Powers’, Middle East Journal, 16
Nikolas Kozhanov, ‘Pretexts and Reasons for the Allied Invasion of Iran’, Iranian Studies, 45
Stephen McFarland, ‘A Peripheral View of the Origins of the Cold War: The Crises in Iran,
1941-47’, Diplomatic History, 4 (1980).
Jeffrey Macris, ‘The Persian Gulf Theater in World War II’, Journal of Middle East and
________, ‘The Pretexts and Reasons for the Allied Invasion of Iran in 1941’, Iranian
Studies, 45, 4 (2012).
Emile Marmorstein, ‘Fritz Grobba’, Middle Eastern Studies, 23, 3 (1987).
Christopher Morris, ‘The RAF Armoured Car Companies in Iraq (Mostly) 1921-1947’, RAF
Historical Society Journal, 48 (2010).
H. G. Smart, ‘Report of Operations in Baghdad Area – 2 May to 31 May 1941’, AOC RAF
Iraq Air Commodore (Acting AVM) H. G. Smart to the AOC-i-C Middle East.
James Thorpe, ‘The United States and the 1940-41 Anglo-Iraqi Crisis: American Policy in
Transition’, Middle East Journal, 25 (1971).
Purchase answer to see full
Why Choose Us
- 100% non-plagiarized Papers
- 24/7 /365 Service Available
- Affordable Prices
- Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
- Will complete your papers in 6 hours
- On-time Delivery
- Money-back and Privacy guarantees
- Unlimited Amendments upon request
- Satisfaction guarantee
How it Works
- Click on the “Place Order” tab at the top menu or “Order Now” icon at the bottom and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
- Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER DETAILS" section.
- Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
- Click “CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
- From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.