Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two quantitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part II” document to organize your essay.Research Critique Guidelines – Part II
Use this document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that
you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your
responses.
Quantitative Studies
Background
1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and
research question.
How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?
1. Discuss how these two articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.
2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those
identified in your PICOT question.
Method of Study:
1. State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are
different.
2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one
limitation of each method.
Results of Study
1. Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.
2. What are the implications of the two studies you chose in nursing practice?
Outcomes Comparison
1. What are the anticipated outcomes for your PICOT question?
2. How do the outcomes of your chosen articles compare to your anticipated outcomes?
© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Running head: PICOT Question Analysis
1
PICOT Question Analysis
Jonathan Garcia
Grand Canyon University
02/22/20
NRS-433V
© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
PICOT Question Analysis
2
PICOT Question Analysis
Summary of Clinical Issue
Diabetes is considered a blood sugar irregularity infection that affects the procedures of managing glucose in a human body. Diabetes can
include type 1, type 2, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. Diabetes is caused by lifestyle issues that are linked to obesity and can also be
hereditary. Hereditary diabetes is common in various parts and can be evaluated based on the assessment of family history. Parents with cases of
diabetes have a high risk of transmitting the condition to their children. Diabetes can be hereditary and children raised by diabetic parents are at an
increased risk of being diagnosed with diabetes at the age of 1-20. Also, parental genes have the aspect of dictating the conditions of the offspring
and diabetic genes are among the transmissible genetic materials to the children. Lifestyle choices of diabetic parents can also be considered as
elements that can increase the risks of obtaining diabetes to the children. For example, intakes of an unstable diet of the parents can be seen as a risk
factor of being diagnosed with diabetes to the children. Lack of enough physical exercise can also be considered a risk factor for the children. Parents
dictate the lifestyle aspects of the life of their children and can be seen as the cause of increased risks of being raised by diabetic parents. Therefore,
children raised by parents with diabetes can be at risk of being diagnosed with diabetes at the ages between 1-20 which could be caused by hereditary
genes, unstable diet, and lack of physical exercise.
PICOT Question: Are children raised by diabetic parents also at increased risk of diabetes compared to those who do not have diabetic parents
between the ages of 1-20?
Literature Evaluation Table
2
PICOT Question Analysis
Criteria
3
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
APA-
Soderborg, T. K., Borengasser, S. J.,
Balkau, B., Roussel, R., Wagner, S., Tichet, J.,
K Papazafiropoulou, A., Papanas, N.,
Formatted
Barbour, L. A., & Friedman, J. E.
Froguel, P., Fagherazzi, G., … & DESIR Study
Melidonis, A., & Maltezos, E. (2017).
Article
(2016). Microbial transmission from
Group. (2017). Transmission of Type 2
Family history of type 2 diabetes: does
Citation with
mothers with obesity or diabetes to
diabetes to sons and daughters: the DESIR
having a diabetic parent increase the
Permalink
infants: an innovative opportunity to
cohort. Diabetic Medicine, 34(11), 1615-1622.
risk?. Current diabetes reviews, 13(1),
interrupt a vicious
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.111
19-25.
cycle. Diabetologia, 59(5), 895-906.
1/dme.13446
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
https://link.springer.com/article/10.100
/26490432
7/s00125-016-3880-0
How Does the
The article reflects the dangers of
The article is linked to the PICOT question as
The article reflects the connection of
Article Relate
being raised or born by diabetic or
it describes the scenarios and evidence of
genetics transmission to children.
to the PICOT
obesity parents which increase the
diabetes transmission from parents to children.
Parents with a history of diabetes
Question?
risks of being diagnosed with diabetes
The authors also demonstrate the rate of
increase the risks to their children of
at an early age between 1 – 20 years.
diabetes hereditary when both parents have the
being diagnosed with diabetes. The
The article is also related to the
health condition. The article further illustrates
article elaborates the scenarios of
PICOT question as it describes the
that diabetes is maternal rather than paternal.
family history of diabetes type 2 which
3
PICOT Question Analysis
4
problems connected to maternal
is higher to the children whose parents
obesity and diabetes.
have the condition.
Quantitative,
The research focused on quantitative
The study was based on quantitative method
The research focused on a quantitative
Qualitative
method which analyzed 175 pregnant
which analyzed more than 5212 men and
approach of analyzing whether family
(How do you
women. The analysis involved the
women and involved the approaches of
history is linked to the increased risks
know?)
surveys that analyzed the behaviors
gathering the opinions and behaviors of the
of diabetes to children. The research
and attitudes towards various types of
specified population.
analyzed the behaviors of patients with
medication.
type-2 diabetes and the diagnosis of
their children with the health
condition.
Purpose
The article reflects the need to identify
The research aimed at identifying the aspects
The study proposed strategies that
Statement
the transmission of diabetes and
of transmitting type-2 diabetes from parents to
were aimed at analyzing the aspect of
obesity microorganisms from parents
children
genetic predisposition of type-2
to children
diabetes to offspring
Research
Can microbial organisms of diabetes
Do men and women differ when it comes to
How can a parent with diabetes
Question
be transmitted to infants?
inherit diabetic genes from parents?
increase the risks to children in being
diabetic?
4
PICOT Question Analysis
Outcome
Maternal diabetic condition increases
5
Women tend to acquire and inherit diabetic
Having a parent or both with diabetic
the risks for obesity to children and the conditions from parents as compared to men.
conditions can increase the risks to the
next generation.
children.
Setting
The research was conducted in a
The study was conducted in a social setting
The research was based on a social
(Where did
medical facility and comprised of a
whereby families were interviewed and
setting with various interviews to
the study take
physical setting.
assessed on the implications of hereditary
families with a history of diabetes.
place?)
Sample
diabetes.
The research considered simple
The sample involved 2187 men and 2282
The study involved random sampling
random sampling whereby no specific
women
in assessing regular population
sample was used but interviews were
done to a wide variety of population.
Method
Observation method was used
Cohort study
Narrative review
Key Findings
Microbial elements are transmitted to
Women are at high risks of obtaining diabetic
Diabetes can be inherited when one or
of the Study
children and could increase the risks
conditions from parents when compared to
both parents have the condition. It will
of genetic diabetes
men.
be considered high risk if both parents
are diabetic more than when one
parent is diagnosed with the condition.
5
PICOT Question Analysis
6
Recommendat
Women are recommended to obtain
Screening and diabetic prevention strategies
Family history is vital in the
ions of the
diabetic treatment programs as a
should be implemented to reduce the issues of
assessment of the possible health
Researcher
strategy of reducing the risks of
hereditary diabetes
interventions in preventing hereditary
genetic hereditary of the disease.
Criteria
Article 4
diabetes
Article 5
Article 6
APA-
Dabelea, D. (2007). The
Prasad, R. B., & Groop, L. (2015). Genetics of
Lyssenko, V., Groop, L., & Prasad, R. B. (2015).
Formatted
predisposition to obesity
type 2 diabetes—pitfalls and
Genetics of type 2 diabetes: it matters from
Article Citation
and diabetes in offspring
possibilities. Genes, 6(1), 87-123.
which parent we inherit the risk. The review of
with Permalink
of diabetic
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC
diabetic studies: RDS, 12(3-4), 233.
mothers. Diabetes
4377835/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC
care, 30(Supplement 2),
5275752/
S169-S174.
https://doi.org/10.2337/d
c07-s211
How Does the
The article illustrates
The article describes the issues of hereditary
The authors have demonstrated the links of type
Article Relate
research of how mothers
diabetes which is caused by genetics and lifestyle
2 diabetes with genetics and environmental
6
PICOT Question Analysis
7
to the PICOT
with diabetic condition
choices. Children are at high risks of being
conditions. The explanation of genetics is highly
Question?
have an increased risk of
diagnosed with diabetes if their parents have a
linked to the family history whereby children are
transmitting the
history of the health condition. The article is
at high risks of being diagnosed with diabetes at
condition to their
linked to the PICOT question as it reflects the
an early age.
children. The research
analysis of the conditions that would increase the
also discusses the risks
risks of diabetes to children.
of diabetes to pregnant
women which could
cause increased weight
births and could be
linked to diabetic
conditions in future.
Quantitative,
The study used a
The article used a qualitative approach in
The article has utilized a qualitative analysis in
Qualitative
quantitative research
assessing the correlation of family history of
evaluating the links of diabetes in parents and its
(How do you
approach of evaluating
diabetes and its links to children having the
correlation to the children’s health condition. The
know?)
the issues of gestational
health condition. The study used focus groups
observation strategy was utilized in the
diabetes and its links to
and observations towards the specimen.
assessment.
7
PICOT Question Analysis
8
the children. The
approach used
longitudinal studies.
Purpose
The research focused on
The focus of the article was based on the analysis
The article describes the hereditary elements that
Statement
assessing the aspect of
of genetic factors that are linked to diabetes.
children obtain from parents.
diabetes genes and their
predisposition to
children
Research
Do children have a risk
How is diabetes type 2 inherited and what are the
Does the father or mother being diagnosed with
Question
of being diagnosed with
risks associated with the health condition?
diabetes matter to the inheritance of the disease?
Diabetic mothers
Diabetes is highly linked to hereditary and the
The research concluded that children are at high
increase the risks of
family history which increases the risks to the
risks of inheriting diabetes if the mother has the
transmitting the health
children.
health condition when compared to the fathers.
diabetes when their
mothers have the health
condition?
Outcome
8
PICOT Question Analysis
9
conditions to their
children.
Setting
The focus was based on
The study was based on a social setting with
The research was a based on a social setting with
(Where did the
a physical setting in a
interviews and opinions raised by diabetic
interviews and analysis of the health condition of
study take
medical facility where
parents and the conditions of their children.
children and their parents’ diabetic conditions.
place?)
the analysis involved
Random sampling was
The research used random sampling without a
Random sampling was used to identify the results
utilized
specific number of samples
Method
Observation methods
Observation methods
Observation methods
Key Findings
Diabetes is hereditary
Diabetes has been linked to a hereditary
High risks of being diabetic can be inherited from
of the Study
more when the mother
condition and can increase the risks to children
the mother when compared to the father.
interviews with mothers
with diabetic history
Sample
has the condition
Recommendati
The study recommends
The author describes the possible strategies that
Understanding of the molecule structure of
ons of the
that it would be vital in
would be effective in diabetes treatment and
diabetes would be effective in administering
Researcher
understanding the
reducing the risks to children. Health
medical therapies
9
PICOT Question Analysis
10
vicious cycle of diabetes
professionals should subdivide the health
in preventing the
condition to administer effective health treatment
conditions to the future
programs.
offspring
10

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