Overview: You will be responsible for finishing a literature review for your research paper. Wehave previously talked about what makes a good literature review, and it would be beneficial togo back to this section and figure out what this looks like. Looking at how previous scholars andI structured our literature review may help you figure out how to address your own review.Goal: To specifically address the research around a problem, what has been done, what ismissing in the research, and the plan of your research to either fill a research gap or replicateprevious findings.Specific Instructions: The funnel method: We talked previously about using the funnel method. You canstructure your Literature reviews to tackle big ideas first and then narrow down tosmaller or more specific ones, in the context of your research topic. Other structureso Chronologically: How have scholars changed how they have viewed yourresearch topic/question over time?o Thematically: How have different explanations or “schools” come to explain themost important factor in explaining your research question? Sometimesresearchers focus on different factors that play a role. Either of these work. There should be a section in your review (usually at the end) where you explain howyour paper will fill the hole you found in the literature or how you will re-examine someview of the literature. Your literature review should be at least 4 to 5 pages (single spaced). Of course thelength of your literature is dependent on the literature you are investigating. I willreward thorough reviews. However, literature reviews DO NOT explain entire articlesand are not annotated bibliographies.o As discussed in class, it may be helpful to prepare a mind-map or flow-chart ofyour literature review before you begin writing. This will help you have a clearoverview.Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
Chan, S. (2017). The belt and road initiative: implications for China and East Asian
economies. The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, 35(2), 52-78.
The article is peer-reviewed and some of the challenges that it highlights to the Silk Road
project are the problem in funding them and the possible increase in financial risk for poorly
planned and unexecuted projects. It may also be difficult to achieve harmony across the countries
the project maybe traversing and managing the project in countries with different political and
cultural beliefs. The author uses hypothetical examples to persuade the audience. The weakness
of the article is that it is limited to the funding problem and overlooks other possible influences
on the funding system of the government. The strength of the article is that it offers a detailed
explanation and assessment of the Silk Road funding program.
Chatsky, A., & McBride, J. (2020). China’s Massive Belt and Road Initiative. Council on
Foreign Relations. Retrieved 23 February 2020, from
The article is from a reliable source-the ‘Council on Foreign Relations’ and the authors
describe the history of the Silk Road, the relationship between the US and China and the
potential roadblocks towards the accomplishment of the project. Some countries that rely on
huge debts to fund their domestic infrastructural projects see the low-interests loans for the Silk
Road as being poisonous to the economic developments. There are political backlashes and
delays in award of tenders due to the dubious bids and inflated costs by the Chinese contractors
who want to dominate the project. Countries are also likely to stall into debts with this project
and this is a major block towards the achievement of the project. The weakness of the article is
the lack of a research question while its strength is the clear articulation of the possible risks that
may arise with the project.
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
Cornet, A. (2018). Iris-france.org. Retrieved 23 February 2020, from https://www.irisfrance.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Asia-Focus-79.pdf.
The author Alexander Cornet, who is a graduate at the school of International Affairs Of
Sciences Po Rennes strategic challenges that the Chinese silk road project faces. The author has
provided the excerpts of his interview with Emmanuel Lincot who is the professor at the
Catholic Institute of Paris. The road project may connect counties that are seen as the inducers of
war and terrorism such as Afghanistan and Kashmir and the problem may be transferred to other
peaceful nations. Demographic endemic challenges in some countries may also be impediments
to the achievement of the project. Owing to the reputation of IRIS and the people in the paly of
the interview, the article will be used to give a first-hand analysis of the strategic problems that
face the Chinese Silk Road project. The weakness of the article is that it relies on only one
interviewee which maybe opinion biased because the author would rely only on one source of
Eperle, P., Bradley, T., & Tafero, A. (2019). Aabri.com. Retrieved 23 February 2020, from
The journal is peer-reviewed. It evaluates culture as one of the biggest impediments to
the Silk Road project owing to the fact it sought to connect many countries. The differences in
the cultural practices may bring about the cultural trade barriers which would subsequently lead
to misunderstandings and conflicts hence hindering trade. On the other, countries with culturally
similar practices mostly make good trade agreements since they understand each other easily.
The strength of the article is that it uses hypothetical examples to explain real-time situations and
its weakness is that it does not have a clear thesis statement that it seeks to justify with the
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
Ghiasy, R., & Zhou, J. (2017). The Silk Road Economic Belt: Considering Security
Implications and EU-China Cooperation Prospects. Sweden and Germany, SIPRI &
Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
The article is peer-reviewed and this assures its dependency and reliability. The authors
note various problems that seem to be the hindrances to the achievement of the ambitioned Silk
Road. The authors have highlighted some of the challenges to the problems and security
concerns in some countries is one of the biggest problems together with the interstate tensions
and disputes that put the project at the risk of being a mere abstract. Other challenges that are
evident with the project is the poor governance and weak institutions, high cases of terrorism and
extremism confrontations, social unrest, and economic challenges. The authors of the article
Zhou does research on climate change and risk program while Ghiasy is a research affiliate of
SIPRI china and the global security program. The article has also proposed the possible solutions
to the challenges it has highlighted.
Gleave, S. D., Cosentino, B., Dunmore, D., Ellis, S., Preti, A., Ranghetti, D., & Routaboul,
C. (2018). Research for TRAN Committee: The new Silk Route–opportunities and
challenges for EU transport. European Parliament, Policy Department for Structural and
Cohesion Policies, Brussels.
The authors of the report are from the European parliament and it offers the two sides of
the story and gives both the opportunities and the challenges the project poses to the interested
parties and the ones to be affected. Some of the concerns over the project are the Chinese
government’s dominance in funding the project and the ability of China to meet the EU’s
infrastructure standards. There is also the possible increase in market completion for the EU
dominated markets, the ability of China to acquire, harmonize, and maintain standards in sectors
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
such as construction in countries with varying standards. The weakness of the article is that there
is a disclaimer that the opinions are solely credited to the authors and not the European
parliament at large. The strength of the article is that it also gives the opportunities and the
challenges the project faces and enables the reader to weigh on the goodness of the project.
Leavy, B. (2018). China’s “New Silk Road” initiative–implications for competitors and
partners, near and far. Strategy & Leadership.
The author gives a close examination of the implications that the project may raise with
both the partners of the project and the competitors around and far from the region. The author
tries to assess how China’s geopolitics are likely to affect the project and the economy at large.
The findings of the research showed that China was determined to have an expansive
infrastructure to remove the trade barriers, embrace new trade routes, and improve international
relations. The fact that the project will open new routes that may lead to an increase in revenue
leakage and criminal activities such as criminal activities and illegal trades with ease may also
need some consideration. The strength of the journal is that it is peer-reviewed and presents the
challenges in a more precise and future based perspective. It gives the possible challenges that
are likely to arise with the project apart from the positivity it is thought that it will bring. Its
weakness is that it does not have a research question that it seeks to answer with the research.
Mathews, J. A. (2019). China‟ s Long Term Trade and Currency Goals: The Belt & Road
Initiative. Asia-Pacific Journal-Japan Focus, 17(1).
The author evaluates the relationship between China and other countries and the possible
impediments that may arise with the project. The article aims at assessing the influence of USChina relations as it holds the center stage of the project. There are concerns about whether the
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
countries engaging in countries are getting into the debt traps and there are also concerns about
the power threat for powerful countries such as US and whether they are helping set up a
Chinese empire blindly. Some of the developing counties will soon get into huge debts that will
be hard to sustain. The strength of the article is that it offers realistic examples of the challenges
that the challenging relationship may be posing. However, the article does not offer a detailed
assessment of the real challenges and it is also not precise on the challenges it highlights.
Meidan, M., & Patey, L. (2016). China’s New Global Investment Strategy, The Challenges
Facing China’s Belt and Road Initiative. DIIS Policy Brief (Copenhagen: Danish Institute
for International Studies, 2016), 1-4.
This is a policy brief by the Danish institute for international studies and its briefs on the
challenges that face the Chinese belt and the road initiative. The brief is done by an
internationally recognized institution and it can be relied on for academic research. The
increasing geopolitical weight in China and around raises security concerns which may affect the
progress of the project. There are also no guiding principles and guidelines for the project as of
today together with economic challenges in china due to high cases of corruption. The article’s
strength is that it offers recommendations that can help to solve the challenges discussed in the
article. The weakness with the article is the lack of enough details on the challenges that it
discusses since they are barely discussed.
Zhang, H. (2015). Building the Silk Road economic belt: Challenges in Central Asia.
The article asses the internal dynamics and external interests in central Asia that hinder
the Silk Road Economic belt. The author majors on the factors that internally and externally
affect the project in one way or the other. The differences in the political arenas of the involved
Challenges of Chinese Silk Road
countries, economic inequalities and varying foreign policies are some of the challenges to the
Chinese Silk Road project. The author also notes the presence of external power outside china in
countries such as America may be a threat to the accomplishment of the project. The strength of
the article is that it uses hypothetical examples and peer-reviewed references to back up the
claims thus ensuring its credibility. In contrast, the author fails to recommend the solutions to the
challenges that he sees as the roadblocks of the whole project. The article will help in the
analysis of the internally and externally propelled challenges that hinder the completion of the
Chinese Silk Road.

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