Annotated Bibliography
Jyteris Tremaine Horne
Valdosta State University
Annotated Bibliography
Article 1: Huntington, E. (2018). Managing and Motivating Employees
In his article, Huntington explains the importance of managing and motivating employees
while advising on the best way they can remain engaged to achieve their personal and
organizational objectives in the workplace. The article has provided insightful analysis on how
managers can remain empowered while encouraging them to know their staff and rewarding
them using praise, rewards, and recognition. This article was chosen by the researcher in that it
touches on the essential aspects of motivation, as explained in the book (Hungington, 2018, p.
49). It has enabled the learner to remain within the scope of the coursework by illustrating the
best way one can learn and understand their employees while promoting their comfort and
Huntington has achieved the learning objectives as provided in the coursework that one
must seek satisfaction in an organization, while ensuring motivation-maintenance, and adopting
a scientific approach of managing motivation. As explained in the book (chapter 13), a manager
can achieve job satisfaction and morale through the application of moral strategies and the
provision of incentives (Rue, & Byars, 2005, p. 313). Huntington has enabled the researcher to
understand the concepts by showing how effective managers can apply basic motivational
strategies to foster employee engagement through praise, rewards, and recognition
Huntington has also provided effective ideas on how employees can benefit from the
creation of recognition categories to ensure their maximum participation (Rue & Byars, 2005, p.
317; Hungington, 2018, p.52). In the end, the author illustrates how employees desire to learn,
grow, and expand while becoming better at their individual jobs. The manager should ensure that
all employees receive praise and recognition to ensure that they remain productive and happy.
Article 2: Little, M( 2018) Building the Ladder. Developing Leadership Skills
without the Title
Melissa Little has provided an in-depth analysis of the difference between management
and leadership. (Little, 2018, p. 22) She explains that although both of them are necessary,
management focuses on hard skills while leadership focuses on soft skills. According to the
author, leadership plays a huge role in the establishment of a direction that enables an
organization to create a vision by aligning different people through team building and enhanced
communication skills. Leadership also ensures the motivation and inspiration of the employees
in a manner that promotes the company’s vision (Little, 2018, p. 23). Little has provided strong
advocacy skills that ensure the best outcome in leaders. This article was a perfect choice of
reference in that it touched on essential learning objectives, including the definition of leadership
and the description of the basic leadership styles through examples, as explained in chapter 14 of
the book.
Little (2018, p. 24) explains that leaders must exhibit the desire to develop and grow by
creating a culture that separates them from other people. Leaders must portray traits that ensure
that they remain recognized in the organization and look for promotional opportunities by
proving that they are appropriate for their position. Litte (2018, p. 25) explains that although the
leadership path can be long and winding, one must understand that leadership is a journey rather
than a destination. One should ensure that they develop professional experiences to enrich their
life by developing an effective working relationship to bring more enjoyment to their career. As
explained in chapter 14 (Rue & Byars, 2005, p. 290) about the importance of emotional
intelligence, developing resiliency and adaptability strengthens one as a leader and brings along
additional contentment to their work.
Huntington, E. (2018, August 1). Managing and motivating employees. The American
Chiropractor. Retrieved from
Little, M. (2018). Building the Ladder: Developing leadership skills without the title. OLA
Quarterly, 24(2), 22-25.
Rue, L. W., & Byars, L. L. (2005). Management: Skills and application. Boston: McGrawHill/Irwin.
The purpose of this assignment is for you to connect current literature to the content studied in this
course, to learn to seek out relevant information, and to write two evaluative reviews of journal articles
that you find in the library.
Criteria for the Articles to Review
You will review TWO articles, both related to either Chapter 13 or 14 in your textbook. In addition to
being related to the same chapter, please make sure the two articles are related to each other with
some common thread. Each article that you review should be:

at least 5 pages in length.
related to either Chapter 13 or 14 in your textbook
related to each other through some common thread.
from academic journals or found through GALILEO (through the Library link in BlazeVIEW)
approved by your professor during MODULE 2.
submitted during MODULES 8.
At the end of each chapter, you will see a section named References and Additional Readings. This
is a good place to start for some ideas about possible sources.
Guidelines for your Review of the Articles
It is important for you to learn how to write about another author’s work. That is different from writing
down what the author wrote. Your review should not read as though you are the author of the article
or material. You are the reviewer of the article, and your paper should read as an evaluative review.
When you evaluate something, you are deciding if it is good, bad, worthwhile, valuable, etc., based
on some criteria. If you are unsure what an article review should look like, please Google “article
reviews” and “evaluating articles” to find examples.
Please write your review so that the reader will clearly understand the difference between the author’s
contribution and your presentation and interpretation of that contribution. Under no circumstance
should you copy material from an article and represent it as your own work. If you need to quote
briefly from an article to make a point, be sure to put the quotation in quotation marks, and give the
page number of the quote in a parenthetical citation in APA style (author, year, page).
By the end of the course, you will write TWO 2- to 3–page article reviews, to be submitted during the
Final Exam Period. For EACH of the TWO articles, please follow these requirements:
1. Give the citation of the article in APA format at the top of your paper.
2. Double-space the paper with no extra line spaces between paragraphs.
3. Provide headings (centered, all caps) for these four sections:
4. Write an INTRODUCTION that tells the reader that you intend to review a paper or document
in your essay.
a. Tell the reader the reason that you selected the particular paper to review.
Clearly state how each article relates to the chapter you selected.
Clearly state the common theme between this article and the other two articles you will
be reviewing.
d. Many students leave this out, so make sure that you do this to prepare the reader for
what is to follow in your paper.
Write your REVIEW that shares your interpretation of what the author(s) wrote. Make an effort
to cover the following points (may require more than one paragraph):
a. State the overall purpose of the paper. What was the main theme of the paper?
b. What new ideas or information were communicated in the paper?
c. Why was it important to publish these ideas?
d. What methods did the author(s) use to reach conclusions?
e. If this is an experiment or survey, how were the data collected and analyzed?
i. Who were the subjects?
ii. What were the basic results or findings from the research?
f. If this is an opinion paper, where did the author(s) find his or her opinions?
g. If this is a technical paper, how do you know that the material is accurate?
Give your IMPRESSIONS of the usefulness of the paper (your opinions).
a. In your opinion, what were the strengths and weaknesses of the paper or document?
i. Be sure to think about your impressions and the reasons for them.
ii. Listing what the author wrote as limitations is not the same thing as forming your
own opinions and justifying them to the reader.
b. Were the findings in the article important to a reader?
c. Were the conclusions in the article valid? Do you agree with the conclusions?
d. If the material was technical, was the technical material innovative? clearly explained?
Write a CONCLUSION that briefly tells the reader what you wrote about in your essay and
your overall findings about the article you reviewed.
a. A conclusion provides intellectual closure for the reader.
b. Some students leave this out—please don’t leave it out.
c. There is some redundancy in a conclusion paragraph, but it still is essential to provide
closure in a skillfully written essay.
Carefully proofread your work before submitting it.
Please check your essay for plagiarism by submitting it early and reviewing the Turnitin report.
Grading Criteria
Grading of your article reviews will be based upon your adequate coverage of the above points. A
rubric is available for you to look over in Assessments/Rubrics in BlazeVIEW. Please understand that
using a rubric to assign numbers to your professional product is an art, not a science. Numerical
evaluations are based upon the cumulative experience of the instructor. Your participation in
this course indicates your acceptance of this model.
Additional Resources
Resources to help you with your research and writing. All links are also available in BlazeVIEW,
under Resources/Links.
 One link specific to this assignment that you might find helpful is Evaluating Journal Articles.
 Your work must not violate any principle of academic integrity, and you are responsible for
knowing the guidelines provided by VSU Academic Honesty Policies and Procedures.
 Review how to avoid plagiarism with Plagiarism: A Student’s Guide to Recognizing It and
Avoiding It.
Turnitin® enabledThis assignment will be submitted to Turnitin®.
Develop a well-detailed essay of 4-5 paragraphs on ONE of the topics listed below. Don’t forget to
review the guidelines for How to Succeed in the Written Assignments and the Sample paper in MLA
format, and take advantage of the Smarthinking tutorial services before submitting your essay to the
Assignment submission folder. All writing assignments have Turnitin enabled for plagiarism
1. In the epics, we have discussed female characters and the social power they do or do not possess.
Apart from Sita, who is the one female character you found to be either the most powerful or weakest
in our study so far? From where does she get her power and what is the extent of her influence in her
culture? Be sure to consider her character and/or actions in terms of what her culture most values.
2. Many of the ancient stories that we have read feature miracles, stupendous events or activities that
we would normally consider beyond the reach of mortals. Select one miracle that you found integral in
one of our readings and explain not only why it is important but also what the miracle reveals about the
text’s cultural values, beliefs, or customs.
3. Compare and contrast (mainly contrast) aspects of Sumerian (or Mesopotamian), Hindu, and Ancient
Greek religion as conveyed in the epics.
4. Select from one of the three epics one feature that seems most alien to our understanding or values
today; detail the feature and then discuss why it seems so foreign to our modern culture. Or select from
one of the epics one feature that seems most understandable or familiar to our understanding and
values today; detail the feature and then discuss why it seems so timeless or relevant to our modern
Make sure you save time to submit your draft to Smarthinking via the Tutoring Services link for helpful
feedback before the due date.

Purchase answer to see full

Why Choose Us

  • 100% non-plagiarized Papers
  • 24/7 /365 Service Available
  • Affordable Prices
  • Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
  • Will complete your papers in 6 hours
  • On-time Delivery
  • Money-back and Privacy guarantees
  • Unlimited Amendments upon request
  • Satisfaction guarantee

How it Works

  • Click on the “Place Order” tab at the top menu or “Order Now” icon at the bottom and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
  • Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER DETAILS" section.
  • Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
  • Click “CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
  • From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.